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EM 851 Emergency Preparedness For Mass, Crowd-Intensive Events

What You Get: Over 63 unit pages 14 pictures and one chart in the course file.

See some Sample Test Questions

Table Of Contents

Introduction

Background
Scope
Synopsis

Acknowledgements

Other Sources
Note Regarding References

1. Pre-Event Planning

Site
Spectators
Legislative Issues
Public Health Issues
Emergency Health Issues
Police, Security, And Law Enforcement
Contingency Plans

2. Site Access And Perimeters

Pathways And Road Networks
Vehicle Access

3. Spectator Management And Crowd Control

Critical Crowd Densities
Application To Crowd Management
Panics And Crazes
Defusing
Outdoor Concerts
Ticketing
Barriers
Crowd Throughput Capacities
Entry
Metering
Exits And Corridors
Liquor, Drugs, And Weapons

4. Stages, Platforms, And Other Performance Venues

Indoor
Outdoor
Break-Away Stage Skirts

5. Temporary Structures

6. Security

Peer Security
Police
Private (Uniformed) Security

7. Public Health Issues

Pre-Event Survey
Food Sanitation
Water
Toilets
Garbage
Animals, Rodents And Vegetation
Swimming And Water Areas
Site Environment
Infection/Personal Hygiene Issues
Tattooing
Continuity
Post Event

8. Medical Care Provision

Needs
Medical Care Provisions
Field Hospital
Field Teams
Ambulances

9. Safety Issues

Seating Anchorage
Gas Cylinder Anchorage
Lighting And Power Requirements
Public Address System

10. Ancillary Considerations

Toxicity Laboratory
Information Centre
Logistics Support

11. Contingency Plans For Specific High-Risk Events

Power Boat Races And Similar On-Water Events
Automobile And Similar Races
Air Shows
Fireworks/Pyrotechnics
Events Involving Pre-Teen And Early Teen Audiences

12. Military Assistance

Aid Of The Civil Power
Humanitarian Assistance

References And Bibliography

Appendix I

Appendix II

Appendix III

Photographs

Photo 1   Emergency Vehicle Clearways
Photo 2   Emergency Vehicle Clearways
Photo 3   Emergency Vehicle Clearways
Photo 4   Access Pathways in Dense Spectator Areas
Photo 5   Temporary Structures  
Photo 6   Congestion at Outdoor Water Supply   
Photo 7   Congestion at Outdoor Toilets  
Photo 8   Unsanitary Food Storage Outdoors   
Photo 9   Unsanitary Food Practices Outdoors
Photo 10   Emergency First Aid Station
Photo 11   Field Hospital  
Photo 12   Stretcher-equipped Golf Cart
Photo 13   Field Hospital in Use    

SAMPLE TEST QUESTIONS

"Critical crowd densities" as a common characteristic of crowd disasters are approached when the floor space per (standing) person is reduced to about

a. 1.5 square feet
b. 15 square feet
c. there is no set limit on density
d. varies based on site and hard surface versus soft surface

Earlier-than-announced door openings

a. does not insure spectators towards the rear of the line will gain entry at the event's commencement.
b. increases the staff costs significantly.
c. can disrupt support agency planning.
d. reduce tension on particularly large crowds.

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Copyright © 2005 International Disaster/Fire Training Institute, Inc.
All rights reserved.
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Government publications used in this document have been electronically transcribed by
International Disaster/Fire Training Institute, Inc.
Sources used to develop these courses are public domain documents.